Discrete Mathematics

Read e-book online An algorithmic theory of numbers, graphs, and convexity PDF

By Laszlo Lovasz

ISBN-10: 0898712033

ISBN-13: 9780898712032

A research of the way complexity questions in computing have interaction with classical arithmetic within the numerical research of matters in set of rules layout. Algorithmic designers interested in linear and nonlinear combinatorial optimization will locate this quantity specially invaluable.

Two algorithms are studied intimately: the ellipsoid procedure and the simultaneous diophantine approximation procedure. even though either have been built to review, on a theoretical point, the feasibility of computing a few really good difficulties in polynomial time, they seem to have useful functions. The booklet first describes use of the simultaneous diophantine strategy to enhance subtle rounding systems. Then a version is defined to compute top and decrease bounds on a number of measures of convex our bodies. Use of the 2 algorithms is introduced jointly by way of the writer in a examine of polyhedra with rational vertices. The ebook closes with a few functions of the consequences to combinatorial optimization.

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Extra info for An algorithmic theory of numbers, graphs, and convexity

Example text

This is the purpose of the next lemma. 6) Lemma. For a convex set K C R n given by a well-guaranteed weak violation oracle, we can determine in polynomial time a vector a  Qn and a number r' E Q, r' > 0 such that 5(a, r') C K . Proof. ) We choose a very small e > 0 and then select affinely independent points XQ, ... ,x n e S(K,e) as follows. First, by calling the weak violation oracle with any c ^ 0,7 < —-R||c|| and the given e , we obtain a vector XQ e 5(A", e) . , Xi are already selected (i < n) , then let c ^ 0 be any vector such that CTXQ — ...

Let a be any root of the given polynomial / . For simplicity, assume that a is real (else, we could apply a similar argument to the real and imaginary parts of a). 7) (a), we can design a real number box description of a . Using part (b) of this same theorem, we can determine the minimal polynomial g of a in polynomial time. Now if / = g then / is irreducible and we have nothing to prove. If / ^ g then g divides / by the fundamental property of the minimal polynomial, and then we have the decomposition / = g-(f/g) .

Then it follows by the properties of the first rounding procedure that y satisfies the non-strict inequality ay < a . Case 1. Assume first that aTy < a . Let q denote the least common denominator of the entries of y and let T be the least common denominator of the entries of a and a . e. the strict inequality is preserved. Case 2. Assume that aTy = a . Consider the numbers aTy^ aTy2,... Not all of these can be 0, since then we would find that aTy = a , contrary to hypothesis. So there is a first index i such that aT^ 7^ 0 .

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An algorithmic theory of numbers, graphs, and convexity by Laszlo Lovasz

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