By Tony Smith
The power and status of democracy world wide on the finish of the 20 th century are due in reliable degree to the impression of the USA on overseas affairs, argues Tony Smith. the following for the 1st time is a publication that records the intense heritage of yankee overseas coverage with recognize to the advertising of democracy around the world, an attempt whose maximum triumph got here within the occupations of Japan and Germany yet whose setbacks contain interventions in Latin the US and Vietnam.
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Extra resources for America's Mission: The United States and the Worldwide Struggle for Democracy in the Twentieth Century
Mistaken are those who imply that the continued subordination of blacks to whites meant that liberalism secured no gains. Emancipation was better than slavery. African-Americans had the vote, although it took a century to begin to exercise it effectively. Despite a host of advantages held by capital in the definition of property rights, these rights were at least defined so that slavery did not figure among them; and the annihilation of plantation owners as a class deprived capitalist interests in the North of an ally that they might have had otherwise.
In Lincoln’s words of June 16, 1858: I believe this government cannot endure permanently half slave and half free. I do not expect the Union to be dissolved—I do not expect the house to fall—but I do expect it will cease to be divided. It will become all one thing or all the other. 13 It is worth repeating that while opposition to slavery was compatible with a determination to preserve the Union, these two liberal causes were not necessarily one and the same. Lincoln’s reluctance to push too hard on The Struggle for Democracy ⅐ 23 the matter of slavery was in part tactical.
Once the war began, his problems remained tactical: how to keep the four slave states that stayed in the Union behind him, how not to awaken racist sentiment in the North against the war, and how to keep slave interests in the South as divided as possible. Despite his moral objection to slavery—“he who would be no slave must consent to have no slave” (1859)—he stressed his concern to preserve the Union, not his opposition to slavery. In 1862 he wrote: I would save the Union. I would have it the shortest way under the Constitution.
America's Mission: The United States and the Worldwide Struggle for Democracy in the Twentieth Century by Tony Smith