By National Research Council, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, Committee on Population, Panel on Policy Research and Data Needs to Meet the Challenge of Aging in Africa, Jane Menken, Barney Cohen
In accordance with a workshop geared up by way of the Committee on inhabitants in collaboration with the health and wellbeing and inhabitants department, college of Public healthiness, Univ. of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa, in July, c2004. provides to wisdom of the location of older humans in sub-Saharan Africa, and indicates extra examine during this quarter. For researchers. Softcover.
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Extra info for Aging in Sub-Saharan Africa: Recommendations for Furthering Research
A similar scheme operates in Zambia, the Public Welfare Assistance Scheme, providing benefits to such vulnerable groups as older persons, widows, and the unemployed (Kaseke, 2004). These schemes are far less well documented than contributory pension schemes or provident funds: the amount of assistance provided is typically very small and the coverage of these programs is generally extremely low (Kaseke, 2004). Problems with Social Security Schemes Formal social security schemes in sub-Saharan Africa are riddled with a number of well-known problems, including low coverage of the labor force, corruption, and inadequate benefits that are not indexed for inflation.
Unlike most social security programs, which typically offer survivor and disability benefits, most provident funds generally provide only a single lump-sum amount at retirement. Generally the level of the lump-sum payment is extremely modest and cannot actually support anyone in retirement. , 2002). In a number of countries, for example, Ghana, Nigeria, and Zambia, these early provident funds have now been converted to defined-benefit social security systems. In some countries, including Sierra Leone, Eritrea, and Somalia, efforts to introduce schemes have been stalled by armed conflicts.
There may also be thorny ethical issues to overcome if blood or any other biological measures are to be collected, analyzed, and stored. Because they tend to be easy and inexpensive to collect and because they have been found in numerous contexts to be quite useful predictors of future mortality, self-reported responses to questions about health status tend to be the RECOMMENDATIONS FOR FURTHERING RESEARCH 25 mainstay of health status measurement in social surveys in other parts of the world. One problem with self-reported health, however, is that it can be sensitive to the cultural context in which it is collected, so that cross-country comparisons of the relative extent of ill health in two different communities can lead to false conclusions.
Aging in Sub-Saharan Africa: Recommendations for Furthering Research by National Research Council, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, Committee on Population, Panel on Policy Research and Data Needs to Meet the Challenge of Aging in Africa, Jane Menken, Barney Cohen