By Fred Singleton
There are few international locations in Europe which include inside a space as small because the British Isles this type of number of common environments and cultures as Yugoslavia. This booklet presents a survey of the historical past of the South Slav peoples who got here jointly on the finish of the 1st international conflict to shape the 1st Yugoslav country, and who emerged from the chaos of the second one global warfare to develop into voters of a socialist federal republic, led through the Communist get together below the management of Marshal Tito. starting in Roman occasions, the ebook lines the increase and fall of the medieval Slav principalities, the dominance of the Ottoman and Habsburg empires, the proclamation of the dominion of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes in 1918, the disastrous results of the German career and the construction of a brand new socialist order less than President Tito.
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Additional info for A Short History of the Yugoslav Peoples
During periods when the ruler was absent from Cetinje — often trying to persuade the Venetians to help him to resist Turkish pressure - the bishop took charge of the government. After the expiry of the Crnojevic line in 1516, the bishops acquired a permanent hold on the machinery of government, electing one of their number as ruler. These prince-bishops were known as Vladikas. Ivan's son Durad is honoured as the first man to introduce a printing press into the Balkans. This invention came to Obod, near Cetinje, from Italy in 1493, only twenty-five years after the death of Gutenberg and within the lifetime of Caxton.
Stevan's son, Tvrtko (1353-91), assumed the title 'King of Serbia, Bosnia and Primorje' in 1377. During the next decade he expanded his kingdom to include central Dalmatia, Hercegovina and part of the old Serbian kingdom of Zeta. After Tvrtko's death the Bosnian nobles quarrelled and, although the Kotromanic family continued to reign for the next seventy years, their power rapidly declined. Squeezed between the conflicting pressures from their own nobles and from the Hungarians and Venetians, and with the ever present menace of the Turks threatening them from the south, they gradually sank into oblivion.
The patriarchate of Aquileia was under the protection of Charlemagne, and the influence of the Frankish kings was felt both in Dalmatia and in the Pannonian region, where Croat tribes were established to the east of the Slovenes, in the middle Sava valley. In the late ninth century the Byzantines temporarily reasserted their control over the Croats, but in 924 Tomislav, zupan of Nin, declared himself King of the Croats and established a kingdom free from both Frankish and Byzantine rule. The exact extent of the Croatian kingdom, which flourished during the tenth and eleventh centuries, is a matter of dispute.
A Short History of the Yugoslav Peoples by Fred Singleton